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Statement by H.E. Hassan Wirajuda, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia at The Middle East Peace Conference Annapolis, Maryland, USA, 27 November 2007

Selasa, 27 Nopember 2007

Statement by H.E. Hassan Wirajuda
Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia
at the Middle East Peace Conference
Annapolis, Maryland, USA
27 November 2007

Excellencies,
 
The Palestinian-Israeli conflict has been with us for almost 60 years, for three generations.  
 
This conflict has cost too much in lives and the suffering of both nations. It has cost both nations and the Middle East region too much in lost opportunities for development. And it has cost the world enormously in terms of stability.
 
Since the Asia-Africa Conference of 1955 in Bandung, Indonesia has supported the struggle of the Palestinian people to exercise their inalienable right to establish a sovereign state in their own homeland. We have also supported the quest for peace in the Middle East, as a moral and constitutional commitment.
 
Unfortunately for the people of Palestine, this aspiration has not been realized in more than five decades of global decolonization, during which 107 other nations of Asia and Africa achieved sovereignty and independence. The conflict therefore smoulders and occasionally flares up. It must now be put to rest through dialogue and negotiations.
 
We firmly believe that achieving comprehensive peace in the region will require a number of conditions.
 
Dialogue and negotiations must be comprehensive. On the Israeli-Palestinian Track, the process must address the fate of Palestinian refugees, the status of Jerusalem, the borders of the Palestinian state, and the dismantlement of Israeli settlements on the West Bank. On the Israeli-Lebanese track, there has to be a permanent cease-fire and long-term solution. On the Israeli-Syrian track, the issue of Golan Heights must be resolved.
 
All parties on the ground must exercise restraint and desist from violent acts. They must refrain from actions that undermine peace. The use of armed force will only fan the flames of conflict and create new security threats. Extremists everywhere will use the perception of injustice in the Middle East as pretext for terrorism.
 
Peace will be comprehensive when peace prevails within the parties concerned. Palestinians must be at peace among themselves and united. So must the Lebanese. My delegation therefore continues to attach great importance to inter-Palestinian and inter-Lebanese dialogue and reconciliation.
All parties concerned must be involved. These include the members of the Arab League, the Quartet and key countries from the world community that have a robust interest in the process and are capable of contributing to it.
 
The process must clearly lead to the two states solution: Palestine and Israel, living side by side in peace and within internationally guaranteed borders.
 
We must take steps to reduce the suffering of the affected populations. We must immediately attend to their long frustrated desire for economic development. They must be made to feel the early rewards of peace.
 
This means immediate capacity building. I therefore welcome the Paris Conference that the EU is organizing for this purpose.
 
For our part in Indonesia, we are organizing an Asia-Africa conference on capacity building for Palestine— to strengthen the institutions needed to support the peace process.
 
We need not wait till governments have had their say before the people can be brought into the process. A constituent office could be created to involve the people in the dialogue.
 
All the neighbouring countries must now help create a political climate conducive to negotiations. The world community must help through moral suasion and meaningful incentives for both sides.
 
Most meaningful is the proposal of the Arab League to accept Israel as a neighbour living in peace in the context of a comprehensive settlement. Likewise, Indonesia intends to immediately establish relations with Israel the moment the two-state solution is completed.
 
 
Once peace is achieved, its rewards are tremendous. In Southeast Asia, four decades of economic dynamism followed the birth of an ASEAN that managed to make peace with itself and with all others.
 
In a regime of peace, the Middle East can be so much more dynamic. And the world will be so much better for that.
 
I thank you.





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